Acne Treatment for All Stages of Acne

To help control acne, keep your skin clean. Avoid skin products that clog pores. Look for products that say “non-comedogenic” on the label. Wash your skin once or twice daily with a mild soap or acne wash. Try not to rub or pick at your pimples. They can get worse and may cause scarring.

If you have a few pimples to treat, you can get an acne cream without a prescription. Look for one having benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. This method works best when used in accordance with the application instructions on the packaging.

It can take time to get acne under control. But if you have not had good results with non-prescription products after trying it for 3 months, see your doctor! A prescription gel or skin lotion may be all you need!

In severe cases, oral drugs such as erythromycin, tetracycline or doxycycline are recommended on a long term basis. These medications reduce oil production and inflammation. However, the side effect is nausea and sometimes allergy in some patients.

A powerful medication that is most recommended by dermatologists for severe acne is ROACCUTANE capsule. Accutane (aka Isotretinoin), or Roaccutane as also known in some parts of the world, was discovered in 1979 when first administered to patients with severe acne conditions. Most of them reacted with dramatic and permanent clearing of acne symptoms. It is a vitamin A derivative which is administered orally in pill form, usually for 15-20 weeks. Accutane was originally prescribed for people with severe acne conditions that have not responded to other treatments, but has gained popularity in the last 25 years and now also prescribed more often in people with less severe acne problems. This practice is controversial because Accutane is a serious medication and causes side effects which can be devastating as they are widespread. Accutane should not be combined with other medications.

Exactly how Accutane works on a cellular level is unknown, but it is known that it affects all of the four ways that acne forms.

It drastically reduces the size of the skin’s oil glands (35% -58%) and even more dramatically reduces the amount of oil these glands produce (about 80%).

Acne bacteria (P. acnes) live in skin oil. Since oil is so drastically reduced, so is the amount of acne bacteria on the skin.

It also slows down how fast the skin produces skin cells into the pore, thus helping to clog the pores in the first place.

It has anti-inflammatory properties. Although acne may worsen during the first month of use of Accutane for about 30% of patients, the results are often very dramatic. Accutane works to achieve partial or complete removal of acne in about 95% of people who complete a cycle, regardless of whether they have inflammatory or non-inflammatory acne. Most people who take it see their acne effectively cured, experiencing long-term remission of acne symptoms. Studies show a relapse rate averaging about 33%, and in these cases sometimes a second course is given. This relapse rate was dose dependent. Best results and lower relapse rate were seen for patients who received a cumulative dose of 100-120 mg / kg. Patients who receive a lower dose relapse more often. The daily dosage depends on how much the patient weighs: 0.5 mg – 2 mg / kg is typical.

Low and intermittent dosing: Researchers published two studies that attempt to measure whether people with mild to moderate acne can achieve long-term remission of acne with lower doses of Accutane. Preliminary data show that people with mild to moderate acne may be able to achieve long-term remission with only about 75% of the usual dose of Accutane, and thus suffer fewer side effects. Intermittent administration (taking Accutane only 1 week per month) seems to work less well, producing insufficient results for more than half of the patients studied.

Accutane side effects

Accutane side effects are numerous and widespread, affecting more than 80% of patients. The side effects are usually mild to moderate and reversible, but in rare cases may be serious or long term. The side effects are:

Hair loss, alopecia, intracranial pressure, headaches, neurological symptoms, depression, vision problems, decreased blood flow to the brain, nosebleed, excessive hair in women, hearing impairment, yellowish deposits on eyelids, severe allergies, swelling of the lips, dry skin, dry lips, dry mouth, bleeding and inflammation of the gums, eczema rash, hives, increased sunburn susceptibility, nail abnormalities, oozing bleeding skin bumps, rapid breakdown of muscle tissue, excessive bone growth, bone calcification, ligament calcification, tendon calcification, abnormal blood tests, low blood platelet count, blood disease, low iron content in the blood, arthritis, respiratory symptoms, low white blood cell count, joint pain long term chronic arthritis, muscle pain, tendonitis, elevated liver enzymes, low back pain, inflammation of the pancreas, inflammatory bowel and abdominal ulcers.

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Chromolite™ acne clearance

The latest Intense Pulse Light (IPL) treatment for moderate (grade 1) to severe acne (grade IV) conditions is using the renowned technology of the Smartlite™. It emits greenish yellow light to ionize the clogged acne pore, building up an oxygenated environment that destroys the acne causing bacteria (propionibacterium). It also emits a red light to warm the skin for reducing inflammation. Clinical studies show that acne can be treated in four weeks with eight sessions of IPL treatment with no side effects unlike oral medications.

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