Acne in Puberty

People crossing their teenage and reaching adulthood are prone to what they call as acne in puberty. There is no exact reason for the cause of this type of acne.

Health professionals refer this problem with various factors like genetics, vitamin deficiency and dietary factors, stress and hormones. Other factors like climatic conditions, surrounding factors in that particular environment, secretion of androgen and its effect on the sebum production especially in females, how the affected person’s body gets rid of superficial dead skin cells and health condition of the person contribute to acne.

Sebum (oil) is naturally secreted and produced by the sebaceous glands present under the hair follicles beneath the human skin surface. Human skin is lubricated by these oil glands. If this oil is produced excessively, it seeps through the tiny pores in the skin and blocks the passage.

On the other end when the dead skin cells present on the superficial skin mixes with this oil, it further clogs the passage and forms a sticky layer on the skin surface. This leads to the growth of bacteria around the clogged region.

To avoid the bacterial infection, the immune system produces white blood cells to fight the pathogens. These WBCs push the bacteria out of the body which results in microcomedones which turn into acne after a battle lasting for fourteen days.

Acne in puberty is of four types like the whiteheads, pimples, nodules and blackheads. The whiteheads are formed when the sebum oil and bacteria thus formed are caught under the surface of the skin. The thick greenish white fluid formed by the combination of dead bacteria and oil can be seen popping out of the acne wound with the naked eye. The blackheads are formed when the partially trapped bacteria and white sebum mixture come out to the skin surface through the tiny pores and combine with the black melanin pigment.

Other than whiteheads and blackheads, pimples occur on the face, chest or on the back in people during puberty. The nodules which are formed on the skin surface lead to formation of scar.

Research shows that acne in puberty is more severe in males when compared females due to excessive production of androgen which is the male sex hormone.

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