Acne Development – What Causes Acne and How Do You Treat Acne Naturally?

The cause of Acne is largely unknown. We do know that if a pore collapses on itself it blocks sebum from escaping and this then mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria to form a pimple.

Why this occurs in one sebaceous gland as opposed to occurring in another, we do not know.

The causes of acne and acne development can however be locked down to three major factors. When all three of these factors combine it leads to an acne breakout.

Overactive Sebaceous Glands

Sebaceous Glands create your body’s sebum (oil) which is needed to lubricate your skin’s surface. People who are prone or more at risk to suffering from acne have sebaceous glands that produce more sebum than is necessary. As a result the excess sebum stays in the pore which leads to a blockage forming in the sebaceous duct and creating a blockage within the follicle.

According to the International Dermal Institute, people who suffer from acne have a genetic makeup of sebum that is different to non sufferers. The sebum in sufferers has a higher level of wax esters and squalene and lower levels of free fatty acids and linolleic acid. This difference in sebum composition creates the best possible environment for acne causing bacteria to thrive.

Abnormal Shedding of Skin Cells

Your epidermis constantly sheds dead skin cells. This shedding process is called desquamation and these dead cells are replaced by new cells.

Acne prone people experience an abnormally high rate of skin cell production – Four to five times more cells are produced than in normal skin. They also experience a higher production of dead skin cells which are not shed properly. As a result the dead cells remain stuck inside the follicle which then creates a comedo.

Proliferation of Bacteria

Propionibacteria acnes is a bacteria that is found on most skin. What is found is that people who suffer from acne have a Propionibacteria acnes population that grows exponentially.

The pore which is blocked by sebum (oil) and dead skin cells creates an environment where oxygen can’t enter into the pore. Propionibacteria acnes excel in this environment and as a result their population grows. Whilst their population grows they digest the sebum that is trapped in the pore and produce a fatty acid waste. The waste in turn irritates the pore lining which leads to inflammation and redness.

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